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Before we start, we need to clarify the shrimp species that you would like to breed. You basically get 3 types of shrimp. Their common names are Neocaridina, Caridina shrimp and Sulawesi shrimp. Some of them require different conditions in order to breed.
Freshwater Shrimp Species
To achieve these conditions you need to find out what shrimp you have and what shrimp you plan on buying or breeding. In the Caridina column, we’ve got two types, the tiger shrimp and also the crystal or Bee shrimp. Under them, I will list the most common ones you can find in the market. Next up we have Neocaridina shrimp. Under then I’ll also list the most common ones and lastly, we have Sulawesi shrimp.
Amano shrimp required different parameters in order to breed and these I will cover in a future post. Amanos are Caridina shrimp and they fall within this column.
Ok, so now that the shrimp names are out the way, let’s start. There are a few things that are essential or a necessity to get right in your aquarium in order to breed shrimp and there are things that will only allow you to increase the survival rate of your young and make your shrimp more comfortable in the environment.
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But, the things on the right might not have as big of an impact as the things on the left that you should understand before trying to breed shrimp. So first we’re looking at the things on the left.
Which Sponge Filter Do You Need For Your Shrimp Tank
The most important thing with the filter is that it must not be able to suck up your baby shrimp. Baby shrimp are anything from one millimeter to three millimeters big. Most sponge filters will work great for shrimp, just make sure that whatever filter you use that the baby shrimp can’t enter your filter.
You can use stockings and pantyhose to cover your filter intake if you are scared that your filter might suck up some babies. Just make sure that if you use stockings to clear it of debris every few days as the debris tends to build up and it might block your intake or burn out your pump.
My honest advice is just to use a normal store-bought sponge filter from the start with a high pore count. Normally anything from 25 pores per inch should be okay, but preferably 30 pores per inch.
It is also very important to understand why you have a filter in the first place. Most new people in the hobby believe that the reason we have a filter is to clean the water so that we can see through it and we don’t have to look at the dirty aquarium. Now, guys, this is partly true, but the main reason for having a filter is so that we can break down the ammonia that our livestock produce.
Nitrogen Cycle Process In Shrimp Tank
You see all our livestock produces ammonia when the shrimp poop the poop already started the decaying process and this releases ammonia which is toxic to your shrimp. The same with feeding all of the uneaten food can rot and it will cause ammonia.
The bacteria that builds up over time in your filter breaks down this toxic ammonia into ammonium and ammonium into nitrite and then the nitrites into nitrates.
Please check this link on nitrogen cycle if you don’t understand what I’m talking about as this is very important for the survival of your livestock.
While we’re on the topic of filters just remember the shrimp need oxygen to survive. This is created by breaking the surface of the water either in the form of multiple bubbles breaking the surface of the water or just by rapid water movement close to the surface most filters will create oxygen exchange.
Okay, so now that you understand a filter let’s talk about water or rather water parameters. Once again this is one of the two necessities that you need to understand properly when breeding shrimp and this is most likely THE MOST IMPORTANT THING to understand, that why I’m gonna take my time explaining water and water parameters to you.
Water parameters for each species of freshwater aquarium shrimp differ and next to having a good filter the most important thing here is to keep your water parameters correct as well as constant.
The first water parameter we’re going to look at is pH. pH stands for potential of hydrogen and is measured on a scale from 0 to 14. Closer to 0 meaning the water is more acidic, 7 meaning the water is more neutral and closer to 14 meaning the water is more alkaline.
pH test kits are relatively cheap and can be found at most pet shops. But what pH do shrimp require? Well, starting with the Caridina shrimp, they require pH of between 6 and 7. Bee shrimp require a pH of between 5.8 and 6.8, Neocaridina shrimp require pH of between 6.5 and 7.5. Sulawesi shrimp require pH of between 7.5 and 8.5.
Next up we have gH. gH stands for the general hardness and is basically the amount of calcium and magnesium ions in the water, measured in parts per million.
GH test kits can also be bought at most pet stores. Caridina shrimp require a gH of between 4-8, Bee shrimp between 4-6, Neocaridina shrimp between 6-8 and Sulawesi shrimp between 4-6.
The next factor to consider is KH. KH stands for carbonate hardness. All that this means it’s the ability for the water has to buffer or the ability the water has for the pH to change very quickly. The older the aquarium is, the lower this figure tends to.
Caridina tiger shrimp require a KH of between 2-6. Bee Shrimp between 0-4.
Neocaridina shrimp between 1-4 and then Sulawesi Shrimp between 2-4.
Next up we have TDS. TDS stands for total dissolved solids. This is basically everything, all the solid particles that are not pure H2O molecules in the water.
From minerals, chemicals, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates and all sorts of other particles.
You can measure the TDS by using a TDS pen. Most pet stores sell them.
A lot of people put too much focus on TDS, but basically, I only use TDS as an indication of when to do water changes. When the TDS gets a bit high I’ll do a water change.
Caridina tiger shrimp require TDS of between 100-220, Bee shrimp between 100-180, Neocaridina shrimp between 150-250 and Sulawesi shrimp between 200-260.
And then the last water parameter we need to talk about is temperature. This is where everyone will have a different opinion, but the general recommendation is between 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit. Only Sulawesi shrimp require a higher temperature between 74-84 degrees.
Now when it comes to temperature, consistency is the most important factor. If there are temperature changes you want them to be slow, not dramatic and quick Bigger aquariums are always better for temperature control as this normally creates more consistency.
Bigger aquariums take longer to cool down and longer to warm up, this is why I will always suggest a two feet aquarium for breeding shrimp in one-foot things just go wrong too quickly.
Now if you keep shrimp outside of the 70-75 degree recommendation, which a lot of people do – this is how it will affect your shrimp. Higher temperatures mean shorter lifespan, quicker breeding and they will eat more, but this might have a slight negative impact on the quality of the offspring.
Lower temperatures, on the other hand, might give your shrimp a longer lifespan, their breeding cycle might be longer and they will most likely eat less. I will always recommend to people to try and keep the temperatures at 70 to 75 degrees because this will give your shrimp the perfect balance. You are more than welcome to deviate from this but not more than 2 to 3 degrees.
Okay, so now I covered the water parameters that your shrimp require. Now some shrimp, especially the Neocaridina Shrimp, can survive outside of these parameters, but they most likely won’t thrive. I know a few breeders who deviate from these figures and at the end of the day it comes down to what works for you.
These are your pets and you are responsible for creating the right environment for them. To understand how to create this perfect environment we further have to discuss where water comes from.
So let’s talk about water sources. You get tap water which obviously comes from the tap. Borehole or well water, which comes from under the ground, rainwater, well it’s rain, so it obviously comes from the sky and then reverse osmosis water, which just means that the water has been filtered and has gone through an RO membrane.
RODI water is as close to clean H2O as possible with almost nothing else in it. For the most part Neocaridina shrimp – the easier to keep shrimp can survive and reproduce on tap or wall water.
Caridina shrimp that which is the harder to keep shrimp might survive for a few months on tap water but they tend not to do well and only slowly die off within a couple of months. So the alternative to tap water for the harder to keep Caridina shrimp is generally filtering the water and then filtering it through an RO membrane to turn it into RO or even RODI water.
RO water is almost nothing but H2O, so the TDS of our water should be between 0-5 ppm (parts per million). Now please don’t think that shrimp will like RO water. Shrimp need magnesium, calcium and other minerals in order to survive and thrive.
So normally with RO water or rainwater you need to remineralize. This means adding the right minerals back to the water that will create almost the perfect environment for your shrimp to live in.
The most important thing for shrimp is consistency. Try to keep everything as stable as possible with each temperature, GH and pH. Keep everything as stable as possible. That’s the best step I can give any shrimp breeder. Consistency is key to shrimp breeding.
Okay, so after all of this if you still have questions drop me a comment down below and I will try to give you some advice.
Last update on 2020-02-17 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API