Does Java Moss reduce nitrates in the aquarium?

Java moss is the most common aquarium plant, easy to grow and maintained. It is native to Southeast Asian regions. It can be used to make the aquarium attractive with a more natural feature.

It is one of the aquatic plants that provide an ecosystem environment to your fish, feeling safe and comfortable. The rough places in the aquarium turn smooth when the Java moss nourishes them.

Java moss provides a haven to eggs and fries post-breeding, nourishing them with a suitable tank condition. It nourishes the oxygen content in the tank water, helping fishes to surf as long as they want without experiencing congestion. 

Java moss survives well without specific conditions. Fertilizer is not needed for the healthy growth of this plant. This plant is good with all types of fishes. Every Java moss plant place in the aquarium will abundantly grow into Java moss layers.

Does Java moss absorb ammonia from the aquarium?

Yes, Java moss plants grow fast which is good in filtering out ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates out of the tank.

The nitrogen cycle in the aquarium is the process by which aquarium fish release waste in the form of ammonia which puts all the aquatic organisms at risk. Solid materials in the aquarium produce ammonia to nitrate. 

Nitrate can put the fish at risk if exposed to long periods, damaging fish organs, and prone to disease. Putting many fish or overfeeding in a freshwater aquarium will lead ammonia and nitrate elevated and lead to fish loss.

Nitrifying bacteria existing in the filter and aquarium convert ammonia to nitrate. An ammonia spike occurs when nitrate elevates. Ammonia is toxic to fish. When fish is suffering from toxicity, they suffocate, and their bright red gill filaments turn into gray in color. The only recommended ammonia level is zero.

What causes high nitrates in aquariums?

In general, high levels of nitrate produce negative impacts in the aquarium environment.  It is a by-product of nitrate oxidation during the nitrogen cycle. Decaying materials, overfeeding, dirty aquarium elevate nitrate levels.

High nitrate levels are damaging to fry and young fish growth and also elevated nitrate cause decreased oxygen levels. Elevated nitrate is a great contributor to unwanted algae growth. Plants use nitrate but if the levels elevate faster than the plants require, plants become overgrown with algae leading to their loss.

How to keep nitrate levels down?

  • Keeping the aquarium clean and neat. Waste automatically produces nitrate. Neat tanks have lower nitrate that should be removed by water changes.
  • Amount of feeds: Overfeeding is a major factor in producing higher levels of nitrate and undesirable wastes.
  • Changes of water: Regular changes of water with water without nitrate decrease the amount of nitrate level in the aquarium. If your well water has high levels of nitrate, using deionized water lowers the nitrate levels when performing a water change.
  • Maintain live plants: Live plants use nitrate and reduce the nitrate levels. 

Nitrate removing plants are significant to reduce nitrates immediately. 

What plants absorb the most nitrates?

  • Moss balls are natural live plants and lush green in color. Adding Moss balls in the aquarium provides several benefits. They absorb the toxic and algae wastes, nitrites, nitrates, and ammonia. They don’t require constant attention. They are low maintenance live plants.
  • Duckweed is known as water lens. It is an easy growing floating plant. It has small leaves with vibrant light green in color. It exists in dense colonies and is beneficial as hiding places for small invertebrates and fish. Duckweed absorbs wastes such as ammonia and nitrates from the water. They promote less pollutants and healthy aquarium existence.
  • Water sprite significantly grows quickly. They absorb nitrates faster from a tank.  Water sprite need pruning because it grows abundantly but it does not require special care. It needs fertilizer but an amount of light is not required. You only need a decent aquarium set up. It will survive as long as enough nutrients are present in the tank. It is also known as Indian water fern. It comes from India originally. It is a nice foreground plant.
  • Anacharis Elodea has long green stems with small elongated leaves. It grows tall and fast. This plant requires maintenance of trimming. You need to trim it often. This is a small aquarium plant that performs a good job at water filtration.
  • Frogbit is like Lily pads. They are rounded green leaves that float on the water. They are good plants for aquariums that serve as shade and cover for the fish. It should be trimmed regularly to avoid overtaking the tank. Frogbit needs low maintenance. If the water has nutrients, it grows nice and fast. It needs a fair amount of sunlight and cleans water too.
  • Water lettuce is like a large, green, blooming water flower. It needs nutrients in the water, good light. It has a large size which is a good filter for nitrates.
  • Vallisneria Spiralis is a great plant that absorbs nitrates in the fish tank. This is a tall plant with leaves of 12 inches or more. This is a beneficial plant that absorbs nutrients and converts Co2 into oxygen. They require moderate light. 
  • Hornwort is a small neat plant. It can grow in gravel, sand, soil, and can also be a floating plant. This plant is easy to care for and good at removing nitrates in the water.

What is the best nitrate remover?

The easiest way to lower nitrates is to replace the water. The best aquariums are filtered using live rocks. Each live rock contains a massive surface that delivers aerobic bacteria and promotes nitrates.

These two types of bacteria work together to remove large quantities of fish wastes as long as you provide good maintenance of your live rock. 

Live rock is the biological filtration that brings significant benefits.

The use of macro algae is one of the natural methods in nitrate removal. Macro algae thrive in nitrate and if properly maintained, they mimic nature, destroy nitrates by growing.

If you have chosen methods in controlling nitrate, you can have a self-sustaining system which means you are enjoying your marine pleasurable moment and less time maintaining it.